learning the basics of home septic systems
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learning the basics of home septic systems

A septic system is something that is easily forgotten until something goes horribly wrong. What should you avoid running down your kitchen sink? Is one type of toilet paper safer to use than another? How often does your septic tank really need to be cleaned? These were just some of the questions that I had about my septic tank after it had backed up and filled my yard with raw sewage. Since then, I have spent hours researching septic systems so that I would not have to go through that again. I have developed my website to make learning about septic systems a little easier for others like me.

learning the basics of home septic systems

The Three Types of Water-Well Systems

Matthew Young

Looking into getting your first water well doesn't have to be complicated.

The major types of well-water systems are driven wells, drilled wells, and dug wells. Each type has its own strengths and quirks.

Dug Wells

Dug wells are a timeless classic. They consist of a simple hole dug into the ground and reaching all the way to the water table underneath. These are the most ancient well-water system there is. Aside from being venerable in history, they're also the cheapest and simplest to make, which makes them venerable in their inexpensive cost as well. Dug wells are usually created with hand tools, which makes their construction or expansion incredibly trivial and simple. Dug wells are also cheap to operate, since they rely on buckets to draw water. No wonder they remain so popular in less-developed regions to this day!

The only drawbacks to this venerable method is the precarious nature of construction if proper caution is not exercised. Dug wells are also a bad match for regions with deep aquifers or regions with a bedrock cap of solid rock over the aquifer. This limits their use to regions with fairly shallow groundwater levels.

Driven Wells

Driven wells are created by driving narrow sections of pipe deep into the ground. Sections are added until the end ultimately reaches water. After flushing the pipe free of debris and sediment, pumps are installed at ground level to draw the water. These wells are simple to construct and repair, although they do require minimal machinery to create and function properly. Once mounted with an automatic pump, driven wells make an excellent, hands-free pump for farms or centers of agriculture, with only minimal water-system maintenance necessary.

The downsides of driven wells are much the same as those of dug wells: driven wells require shallow water tables and soft ground between the aquifer and the surface.  

Drilled Wells

Drilled wells are the most recent development in well technology and the most revolutionary since the very first dug well. Drilled wells are made by taking a drilling apparatus and sending a drill bit deep underground. After the aquifer is hit, the sides of the shaft are sealed with concrete and a pumping system is installed on top.

Drilled wells are revolutionary because they allow access to groundwater that would be utterly inaccessible with either of the older methods mentioned above. Drilled wells can reach through solid rock and are safe from surface contaminants and cave-ins due to their concrete lining. The only downside of this method is the complexity and inherent expense of such an endeavor. But on the flip side, in most cases where drilled wells are used, they are the only option.

For more information about wells or to learn about which kind might be right for your area, consult a company such as Golden Gate Well Drilling & Water Conditioning

 


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